NATO-Georgia Commission Declaration at the Brussels Summit

Georgia tiene dos partes de su territorio: Abjasia y Osetia del Sur, independientes de facto del gobierno georgiano y apoyado por Rusia.

Para ampliar esta apreciación se puede consultar el libro publicado por el Foro, en el siguiente enlace:

La OTAN y el terrorismo, por Rafael Vidal

  1. We, NATO Heads of State and Government and Georgia, met in Brussels today to discuss security, defence reform, and cooperation.  Allies congratulate the people of Georgia on the centennial anniversary of their independence.  Allies and Georgia emphasize the unique scope and depth of Georgia’s relationship with the Alliance.  Allies welcome the substantial progress on reforms in Georgia over the past decade in consolidating its democracy and achieving stronger economic development, more effective defence institutions and modernized armed forces.  Georgia is committed to continue implementing these reforms.
  2. Georgia is one of the Alliance’s closest operational partners, and an Enhanced Opportunities Partner.  Allies highly appreciate Georgia’s steadfast support for NATO’s operations and missions, in particular its contribution to the NATO Response Force and its significant contribution to the Resolute Support Mission (RSM).  Georgia is one of the largest troop contributors to RSM. We recognize the sacrifices and contributions the Georgian people have made to our shared security. These efforts, along with Georgia’s participation in EU-led operations, demonstrate Georgia’s commitment and capability to contribute to Euro-Atlantic security.
  3. NATO Heads of State and Government and Georgia welcome our expanding practical cooperation, in particular under the umbrella of the Substantial NATO-Georgia Package (SNGP), to which all Allies contribute, as well as Finland and Sweden.  The SNGP is bolstering Georgia’s defence reform efforts, its interoperability with NATO, and Georgia’s resilience.  Allies commend Georgia on its commitment to implementation of the SNGP across the full spectrum of Georgia’s defence and security sector reforms.  We welcome the overall progress made, including the close cooperation that has developed between NATO and the Georgian defence institutions, such as the mentoring relationship of the Joint Force Training Centre in Bydgoszcz with the NATO-Georgia Joint Training and Evaluation Centre (JTEC), the Defence Institution Building School, as well as Georgia’s participation in exercises. NATO and Georgia are ready to further enhance cooperation, including through the next NATO-Georgia exercise in March 2019, which Allies will support with broad participation. We are moving ahead with the establishment of secure communications with Georgia and stepping up our support in the area of counter-mobility.  We welcome our dialogue on hybrid threats and resilience.  We will consider further enhancement of cooperation in cyber defence to further strengthen interoperability.
  4. NATO Heads of State and Government value Georgia’s engagement in, and contributions to, strategic discussion and mutual awareness on Black Sea security. We pledge to further develop dialogue and practical cooperation in this context, including through the SNGP.  A number of new steps have already been initiated in this regard.  We welcome Georgia’s offers to provide further logistical support to NATO and Allies, the start of training of Georgian Coast Guard boarding teams, the enhanced interaction between Georgia and NATO’s Standing Naval Forces, including through passage exercises and port calls, and the exchanges between Georgia’s Joint Maritime Operations Centre and the NATO Shipping Centre.  Allies intend to assist Georgia in the extension of its air and maritime picture.  We also look forward to Georgia’s future participation in Operation Sea Guardian.
  5. NATO Heads of State and Government welcome the clear progress made by Georgia on defence spending and in implementing comprehensive reforms aimed at strengthening Georgia’s defence and resilience capabilities.
  6. Georgia reaffirms its determination to achieve NATO membership, one of its top foreign and security policy priorities, which is backed by strong public support, and is now also enshrined in its new Constitution.  Allies reiterate their decision made at the 2008 Bucharest Summit that Georgia will become a member of the Alliance, with MAP as an integral part of the process; they reaffirm all elements of that decision, as well as subsequent decisions.  They welcome the significant progress made since 2008. Georgia’s relationship with the Alliance contains all the practical tools to prepare for eventual membership, in particular the NATO-Georgia Commission, the Annual National Programme and the Substantial NATO-Georgia Package. Allies recognize the significant progress on reforms which Georgia has made and must continue, which are helping Georgia, an aspirant country, progress in its preparations towards membership, and which strengthen Georgia’s defence and interoperability capabilities with the Alliance.  
  7. NATO Heads of State and Government reiterate our full support for Georgia’s independence, sovereignty and territorial integrity within its internationally recognised borders.  We call on Russia to reverse its recognition of the so-called independence of the Georgian regions of Abkhazia and Tskhinvali/South Ossetia. We condemn the grave human rights violations taking place in these regions, their militarization, as well as other activities such as the construction of barbed wire fences and other artificial border-like obstacles along the Administrative Boundary Line.  These steps violate Georgia’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and blatantly contradict the principles of international law, OSCE principles and Russia’s international commitments.  We further call on Russia to implement the EU-mediated 12 August 2008 Ceasefire Agreement, in particular to withdraw its forces from the territory of Georgia, which are present without Georgia’s consent, and allow the creation of an international security arrangement on the ground.  We welcome Georgia’s compliance with the Ceasefire Agreement and its commitment on non-use of force and call on Russia to reciprocate. We also support Georgia’s efforts toward engagement and confidence building and welcome the Georgian Government’s new peace initiative “A step to a Better Future” to improve the lives of the people living in the Abkhazia and Tskhinvali/South Ossetia regions of Georgia.  Allies express firm support to the Geneva International Discussions, co-chaired by the EU, UN and OSCE, and underline the utmost need for reaching tangible results on the core issues of the negotiations with the aim to pursue peaceful conflict resolution within the internationally recognized borders of Georgia.
  8. Our meeting, marking the tenth anniversary of the NATO-Georgia Commission (NGC), demonstrates the depth, breadth and enduring nature of the NATO-Georgia relationship.  Looking ahead, we expect the NGC to continue to play a central role in deepening political dialogue and enhancing practical cooperation between Georgia and the Alliance.

Brussels Declaration on Transatlantic Security and Solidarity

 

  1. NATO guarantees the security of our territory and populations, our freedom, and the values we share – including democracy, individual liberty, human rights and the rule of law.  Our Alliance embodies the enduring and unbreakable transatlantic bond between Europe and North America to stand together against threats and challenges from any direction. This includes the bedrock commitment to collective defence set out in Article 5 of the Washington Treaty.  NATO will continue to strive for peace, security and stability in the whole of the Euro-Atlantic area, in accordance with the purposes and principles of the UN Charter.
  2. We face a prolonged period of instability. Russia is challenging the rules-based international order by destabilising Ukraine including through the illegal and illegitimate annexation of Crimea; it is violating international law, conducting provocative military activities, and attempting to undermine our institutions and sow disunity.  At the same time, a multitude of threats emanate from NATO’s Southern periphery. While significant progress has been made in defeating ISIS/Daesh, terrorism, in all its forms and manifestations, continues to threaten Allies and the international community and to undermine stability. Instability contributes to irregular migration, trafficking and other challenges for our countries. Allies stand firmly in unity and solidarity in the fight against terrorism.
  3. We will share fairly the responsibilities of defending each other.  Real progress has been made across NATO since our last Summit in Warsaw, with more funding by all Allies for defence, more investment in capabilities, and more forces in operations.  But even if we have turned a corner, we need to do more, and there will be further progress.  We are committed to the Defence Investment Pledge agreed in 2014, and we will report annually on national plans to meet this Pledge.
  4. Today we are strengthening further our deterrence and the collective defence of all NATO territory and populations, building on our Forward Presence and consistent with the decisions taken in Warsaw. Our deterrence and defence is based on an appropriate mix of nuclear, conventional and missile defence capabilities, which we continue to adapt.  We will increase the readiness of our forces and improve our ability to reinforce each other within Europe and across the Atlantic. As part of that, we have agreed an adapted and strengthened NATO Command Structure. We are also further reinforcing the cyber defence capabilities of Allies and of NATO itself.
  5. We are strengthening our capacity to prepare against, deter and respond to hybrid threats. Hybrid tactics increasingly target our political institutions, our public opinion and the security of our citizens.  Allies are making our societies more resilient against them, and we will respond with resolve when necessary.
  6. NATO poses no threat to any country. All these measures are defensive, proportionate and transparent, and within NATO’s legal and political commitments.  We remain fully committed to arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation.
  7. We remain ready for a meaningful dialogue with Russia to communicate clearly our positions and, as a first priority, to minimize risk from military incidents, including through reciprocal measures of transparency.  We continue to aspire to a constructive relationship with Russia, when Russia’s actions make that possible.
  8. We are boosting NATO’s contribution to the international fight against terrorism. We have decided, on request of the Iraqi Government and in coordination with the Global Coalition to Defeat ISIS, to establish a training mission in Iraq.  We will increase our assistance to the Afghan Security Forces, providing more trainers and extending financial support, as the Government makes an unprecedented political effort to seek a peaceful resolution to the conflict.   NATO will do more to help Allies, on their request, to tackle terrorism at home; to provide advice and support to partners, including through the new Hub for the South; and will continue to contribute to the Global Coalition.
  9. We are strengthening NATO’s contribution to projecting stability, because we know that our security is best assured if it is shared beyond our borders. We have agreed a Package on the South to deepen our political dialogue and practical cooperation with our partners in the region, including Jordan and Tunisia.  We provide tailored support to our eastern partners Georgia, the Republic of Moldova and Ukraine, as well as to Bosnia and Herzegovina.  We will also boost NATO’s cooperation with Finland and Sweden in the Baltic Sea, as well as with our partners in the Black Sea, Western Balkans and Mediterranean regions, each of which is important to Alliance security.  We are maintaining our important operation in Kosovo. And while remaining a transatlantic Alliance, NATO will retain its global perspective.
  10. The NATO-EU strategic partnership is essential for the security and prosperity of our nations and of the Euro-Atlantic area.  The European and North American Allies contribute significantly to European security and defence. We recognize that a stronger and more capable European defence will lead to a stronger NATO. We therefore welcome the Joint Declaration signed by the NATO Secretary General and the Presidents of the European Council and Commission, which sets out the unprecedented progress being made in NATO-EU cooperation, including on military mobility. We welcome the significant contributions of the members of both organisations to Euro-Atlantic security.
  11. We are committed to NATO’s Open Door policy because it strengthens the Alliance and contributes to Euro-Atlantic security, in keeping with the Bucharest Summit.  We warmly welcome the agreement between Athens and Skopje; this success will benefit both countries, the region and NATO.  We have decided to invite the Government in Skopje to begin accession talks to join the Alliance once the terms of the agreement are met.
  12. We continue to modernize the Alliance. To face evolving security challenges, we have taken steps to ensure that NATO can continue to act at the speed required. Our new policies on NATO’s support for Women, Peace and Security, and for the protection of civilians and children in armed conflict, demonstrate our determination to step up NATO’s role in these areas.
  13. We pay tribute to all the men and women who serve, and who have served, in NATO operations and missions.  Their service and sacrifice has been essential to keep our territories and populations safe.

Press Release 11.07.2018 NATO

La guerra de Siria es mundial por el enfrentamiento entre OTAN y Rusia

GEOPOLÍTICO. 23.06.2018: La batalla entre la OTAN y Rusia

Desde un punto de vista externo, la guerra en Siria podría lucir tal como una guerra civil entre las fuerzas del gobierno de Sirias y la oposición, sin embargo, realmente es una “batalla mortal entre Rusia y los países de la OTAN”, ha aseverado la agencia de noticias china Jinri Toutiao.

La agencia ha recalcado que Siria es una nación de mucha relevancia estratégica, por lo que Rusia cuenta con lugares de ubicación de tropas en su margen territorial.

“De lo contrario, Siria habría sido ocupada inmediatamente por las fuerzas de otros Estados o las tropas antigubernamentales. Entonces, varios grupos extremistas se habrían dirigido al sur de Rusia”, señala el artículo.

Aunado a esto, la noticia hacia énfasis en que en el momento que los rusos se involucraron en la guerra, las circunstancias se tornaron favorables para las tropas del gobierno de Siria.

“La victoria de Rusia en Siria incomodó a los estadounidenses. EEUU no pudo quedarse con los brazos cruzados”.

EEUU, Reino Unido y Francia atacaron Siria

El medio informativo también recuerda que hace poco, Estados Unidos, Inglaterra, y Francia efectuaron un ataque contra la nación árabe. Además, el portaviones nuclear estadounidense Harry Truman entró en el mar Mediterráneo.

“Podría parecer que el objetivo de esta maniobra es realizar un nuevo ataque aéreo. Sin embargo, en realidad, la meta principal es bloquear el camino a Siria a través del mar Negro: como Rusia no tiene frontera terrestre común con Siria, toda la asistencia militar llega principalmente a través del mar”, explica el artículo.

 

EL MOMENTO EN QUE UNA TERRORISTA BRITÁNICA DE ISIS SE TOMA UNA SELFIE FRENTE A LA SEDE DEL MI6 MIENTRAS PLANEA UN ATENTADO.

Safaa Boular, de 18 años, es la mujer terrorista más joven de Gran Bretaña. En las próximas semanas recibirá su condena por haber planeado un atentado contra el Museo Británico y la sede del MI6.

En las últimas horas circuló un escalofriante video del momento en que la joven realizaba una misión de reconocimiento frente al edificio del servicio de inteligencia británico.

En las imágenes se la puede observar, cubierta con su burka, caminando de un lado para el otro en las inmediaciones de la sede del MI6. En todo momento sostiene su teléfono celular. Incluso en un momento se detiene para tomarse una selfie.

Pero Boular nunca llegó a llevar a cabo su cometido, ya que fue detenida por las autoridades.

Una vez en prisión, se supo que la intención de la célula de la que formaba parte la joven planeaba atacar con ametralladoras y granadas contra el MI6 y el Museo Británico.

La adolescente de 18 años fue radicalizada por Internet por un miembro del Estado Islámico (ISIS por sus siglas en inglés), quien le dijo que quería casarse con ella.

Pero Boular también tuvo influencia yihadista en su propia casa, a través de su madre, Mina Dich, de 44 años, y de su hermana mayor, Rizlaine, de 22. Las tres conformaron así la única célula terrorista exclusivamente femenina de Gran Bretaña.

Pese a encontrarse en prisión, Safaa continuó con el plan y mantuvo conversaciones por teléfono con su hermana, a quien le enviaba mensajes codificados.

izlaine fue abatida el año pasado, junto a una amiga, por agentes antiterroristas durante una redada en Harlesden, al noroeste de Londres.

Dich, por su parte, fue arrestada el 27 de abril de 2017, el mismo día que fue abatida Rizlaine, durante una visita a Safaa en un centro de detención de Kent.

Después de dos días frente a un jurado, Boular fue hallada culpable y en las próximas semanas recibirá su sentencia, al igual que su madre.

New Front. Video 05.06.2018