Declaración sobre el Tratado de las Fuerzas Nucleares de Rango Intermedio (INF) (Noticias de la OTAN)

Issued by the NATO Foreign Ministers, Brussels, 4 December 2018

  1. The Intermediate-Range Nuclear Forces (INF) Treaty has been crucial in upholding NATO’s security for over 30 years.
  2. Allies have concluded that Russia has developed and fielded a missile system, the 9M729, which violates the INF Treaty and poses significant risks to Euro-Atlantic security. We strongly support the finding of the United States that Russia is in material breach of its obligations under the INF Treaty.
  3. For over five years, Allies and the United States in particular, have repeatedly raised their concerns with the Russian Federation, both bilaterally and multilaterally. As we stated in the Brussels Summit Declaration in July, Russia has responded to our concerns with denials and obfuscation. Russia only recently acknowledged the existence of the missile system, but without providing the necessary transparency or explanation.
  4. The United States has remained in full compliance with its obligations under the INF Treaty since it entered into force. Allies have emphasized that the situation whereby the United States and other parties fully abide by the Treaty and Russia does not, is not sustainable.
  5. Russia’s violation of the INF Treaty erodes the foundations of effective arms control and undermines Allied security. This is part of Russia’s broader pattern of behaviour that is intended to weaken the overall Euro-Atlantic security architecture.
  6. Allies are committed to preserving strategic stability and Euro-Atlantic security. NATO will continue to ensure the credibility and effectiveness of the Alliance’s overall deterrence and defence posture.
  7. We will continue to consult each other regularly with a view to ensuring our collective security. We will continue to keep the fielding of Russian intermediate-range missiles under close review.
  8. Allies are firmly committed to the preservation of effective international arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation. Therefore, we will continue to uphold, support, and further strengthen arms control, disarmament and non-proliferation, as a key element of Euro-Atlantic security, taking into account the prevailing security environment.
  9. We continue to aspire to a constructive relationship with Russia, when Russia’s actions make that possible. As most recently confirmed at the Brussels Summit, we remain open to dialogue with Russia, including in the NATO-Russia Council.

We call on Russia to return urgently to full and verifiable compliance. It is now up to Russia to preserve the INF Treaty.

El Tratado sobre la Prohibición de las Armas Nucleares: ¿es realmente necesario?

Por Manuel Francisco Herrera Almela

Del Instituto Español de Estudios Estratégicos

Se ha pretendido presentar el Tratado para la Prohibición de las Armas Nucleares como un instrumento jurídicamente vinculante capaz de forzar a la comunidad internacional a proceder a un desarme nuclear generalizado mediante la adopción de una estrategia de estigmatización por parte de los impulsores del tratado y de los Estados que forman parte del mismo. No obstante, tal y como se mostrará en este artículo, el tratado resulta ser un instrumento sumamente inadecuado para la obtención de tal fin debido a tres tipos de incongruencias presentes en el mismo y en su proceso de negociación: Normativas, institucionales y prácticas. Al revisar todas las deficiencias relacionadas con estas incongruencias cabe preguntarnos hasta qué punto el tratado es realmente necesario para obtener el fin que persigue. A modo de contribución, tanto al debate académico como a la praxis del desarme nuclear, el documento concluirá con una propuesta original para abordar la cuestión del desarme nuclear generalizado a través de los mecanismos institucionales presentes en el actual régimen de no-proliferación.

El Tratado sobre la Prohibición de las Armas Nucleares: ¿es realmente necesario? – Manuel Francisco Herrera Almela